Sunday, June 10, 2018

The Barbican Complex: Exploring London's Radiant City

barbican 20
Like the surrounding Barbican housing estate, the Barbican Centre was designed by the team of Chamberlin, Powell, and Bon. It was shoehorned into the complex after much of the estate had already been built, or was underway. It  wasn't opened until 1982. Photo ©Darren Bradley
I have been to London at least a dozen times - sometimes for extended periods for both holidays and for work. Also, I used to live in Paris, and it was an easy weekend trip from there. But believe it or not, until just a few weeks ago I had never been to the Barbican. Sure, I knew about it, and had always been meaning to visit. But to be honest, based on the photos I'd seen, I was never really blown away by it. Of course I thought it seemed interesting, but I wasn't really in a hurry to get there for some reason. It was on my list... just not at the top of it. Anyway, I finally did see it a few weeks ago, and now realize what an idiot I've been. The place blew me away. It's over 50 years old, and it's still revolutionary. 

barbican 11
The main promenade in front of the Barbican Centre. Can't think of a better place to spend a rare sunny London afternoon. Photo ©Darren Bradley

The first thing the struck me was the massive scale of the place. Seriously, it's bigger than you think. The phrase "a city within a city" is overused, but it definitely applies here. Given its location in the historic heart of London, you'd think that the construction of such a massive Modernist complex here could only have been possible by demolishing a lot of historic buildings to make room. And you'd be right about that. But in this case, the demolition was done by Nazi Germany during World War Two. On the night of 29/30 December 1940, this whole area was completely destroyed in extensive firebombing in what would be the worst day of the Battle of Britain. Once densely populated, the City of London was almost deserted of inhabitants as a result. 

London following the Blitz. East London and the area around the City was particularly hard hit.
Photo from the Museum of London. 

After the war, development in this area focused on offices - not housing - and the residents failed to return. The City of London was (and is) a commercial and financial center. Developers wanted to use the bombed out, vacant land here to build more offices. But by the 1950s, the population of the City had shrunk from over 100,000 before the war to only about 5,000 residents in 1951. The dearth of residents was so critical, the district was in danger of losing political representation in Parliament. So instead of more offices, it became vital to create high-density residential flats to attract more people. Alas, this would mean less tax revenue than commercial or office spaces. So to make up for that, the City needed a project that would attract high-end residents with high incomes. In 1957, the Court of Common Council decided to move forward with an ambitious project that included not just apartments (which were roomier than the standards of the time), but an entire complex that would include schools, gardens, museums, shopping centers, some offices, restaurants, and a performing arts center. Classy stuff to attract classy people. 

barbican 14
Entrance to the Barbican Centre from the upper level. The Barbican Centre is home to the London Symphony Orchestra, the BBC Symphony Orchestra, and 
the Royal Shakespeare Company. Photo ©Darren Bradley

barbican 5
The Conservatory on the roof of the Barbican Centre is one of the more interesting and surprising features of the project. Photo ©Darren Bradley

barbican 3
It was stifling hot and humid in here, but nobody seemed to notice but me. Photo ©Darren Bradley
barbican 16
This water feature was a nice architectural folly. Unfortunately closed to the public. Photo ©Darren Bradley

The project would be called "The Barbican" because of its location just outside the ancient fortified walls of London. A Barbican is a fortified turret or tower outside the main walls, which explains the logo for the complex. 


The firm of Chamberlin, Powell, and Bon were selected to design the project, with Ove Arup providing the engineering (Arup also worked closely with Jorn Utzon to design the Sydney Opera House). Choosing this team was hardly surprising. The three architects were also responsible for the design of the adjacent Golden Lane Estate (more on that in a later blog post), which was much acclaimed. 

Chamberlin, Powell, and Bon outside their Fulham studio in 1953. Photo courtesy of RIBA Library Photographs Collection.

Joe Chamberlin, Geoffry Powell, and Christoph Bon were all architecture professors at Kingston Polytechnic, and had each entered the competition separately to design Golden Lane, with the agreement that they would join together if any one of them won the competition. Joe Chamberlin won, so in 1952 they together set out to design a housing estate that was heavily inspired by the design principles of the French architect Le Corbusier. Golden Lane has recently been restored and can also be visited. 

Golden Lane Estate
The very Corbusian Golden Lane, with one of its maisonnettes and the pool structure on the left. Photo ©Darren Bradley

I read somewhere that Christoph Bon loved Italy and traveled there extensively in search of inspiration for the design of their new commission. Bon claimed that Venice and its mixture of pedestrian walkways and canals for service vehicles was the primary inspiration for the design of the Barbican. There certainly are water features at the Barbican, but they are strictly ornamental and don't serve any practical purpose. 

barbican centre selfie 1
The canals of Venice inspired these reflecting ponds at the Barbican. Photo ©Darren Bradley

The other design feature of the Barbican that people point to as evidence of Italian/Venitian inspiration for the Barbican are the barrel-vaulted roofs, which evoke Italian arches. Because... you know... arches are totally only an Italian thing and they only exist in Italy, right..? 

Appartement-atelier de Le Corbusier
Interior view of the barrel-vaulted ceiling at Le Corbusier's home and studio in Paris, situated on the top floor of a building he designed in the 16th Arrondissement. Photo ©Darren Bradley

Instead, it seems to me that the main inspiration for the overall concept of the Barbican came from the ideas about the future - not the past. 

From the 1920s through the 1970s, many visionary architects and city planners felt that traditional cities were full of blight, disease, and poverty, and that the only solution would be to tear them down and start over. A lot of Modernism was built on this core principle, to be honest. Remember that at the time, many architects saw themselves not as designers, but as social engineers. Architecture was going to save the world. It was ambitious, and it ultimately failed. 

Rendering depicting a new, model city with pedestrians elevated above cars on separate platforms.
From the book, The New City; Principles of Planning by Ludwig Hilberseimer, 1944. 

In 1922, Le Corbusier proposed that the center of Paris be demolished and replaced with high-rise residential blocks hovering over wide express motorways. 

Model detail of Le Corbusier's "Plan Voisin", which proposed to demolish the center of Paris and replace it with ginormous, geometrical towers connected with elevated walkways and large expressways for cars. 

In 1924, he followed up on that idea with his "Ville Radieuse" (Radiant City). 

corbusier ville radieuse
Le Corbusier's concept for a "Ville Radieuse". Note the separate levels for vehicular traffic and pedestrians, with the elevated parks and green spaces. I like it! 

Frank Lloyd Wright introduced similar ideas of a sort of suburban utopia, called "Broadacre City", in 1932. 

broadacre city
Wright's Broadacre city was decidedly more bucolic, as he hated cities. Note the flying saucers, a full 30 years before the Jetsons! 

In New York City, city planner Robert Moses embraced many of these same ideas, and didn't hesitate to propose the demolition of historic neighborhoods, such as Greenwich Village and SoHo, for the construction of new expressways and tower developments. 

moses cross manhattan
Robert Moses's plan for putting freeways in the center of Manhattan met with stiff resistance, and was ultimately shelved. 

For Golden Lane Estate, Chamberlin, Powell, and Bon admitted to being heavily influenced the concepts for "La Ville Radieuse", and especially Corbusier's Unités d'HabitationFor the much larger Barbican complex, it appears that the team advanced those ideas even further - and as a result were able to achieve what is probably the most complete realisation of Le Corbusier's concepts that was ever built. 

Screen Shot 2018-06-10 at 12.35.25 AM
Cross-section showing the complex design of the Barbican Centre, with its many auditoriums and the Conservatory above. This rendering also shows the multiple layers of functional spaces, intertwined into the design of the larger Barbican Estate housing complex. Rendering by Chamberlin, Powell, and Bon. 

The large open terrain created from the bombed out ruins in the middle of London were the perfect spot to implement Le Corbusier's ideas, since they were already starting from a tabula rasa

barbican map
Here you see how the Barbican Estate overlays what existed at this location prior to the London Blitz of 1940. Note how entire blocks disappeared entirely. The colors here indicate buildings and green spaces, but all are interconnected with structures, platforms and walkways. This map was created by Barbican resident Russell Bell, overlaying the existing structures over an old Ordnance Map of the area of Cripplegate from 1916. 

In la Ville Radieuse, symmetrical, pre-fabricated concrete structures would be built for housing, commerce, education, etc., and would be spread out across large, park-like spaces. These spaces would be elevated on raised platforms and bridges for pedestrians, above the traffic of trains and vehicles. 

barbican 13
Photo demonstrating the multiple layers of the Barbican complex, with the apartment blocks on platforms with gardens and greenspaces reserved for pedestrians. Underneath, offices/commercial space. And below that, car parks and the street. Note how the complex spans the street, leaving the cars to pass underneath. Photo ©Darren Bradley

The Barbican Complex is designed to almost exactly this prescription. The buildings themselves are mostly all raised on platforms, interspersed with gardens and ponds, and are inter-connected by pedestrian walkways. The whole complex is raised above the grid of roads, so that one never has to cross a street while in the Barbican complex, even though it spans multiple city blocks. The roads for cars and trains pass underneath the complex, in tunnels and passages. 

barbican 10
View of some of the gardens atop the platforms for pedestrians. This particular elevated walkway straddles the length of Beech Street. Note that the light-grey building in the center is not part of the Barbican Complex, and is not accessible from the elevated walkway. It can only be reached from street level, below, while the other two buildings are accessed from the platform above. The middle building was obviously built in the 1950s, before the Barbican, and the complex had to be built around it. Photo ©Darren Bradley.

Much of the criticism for the Barbican complex over the years comes from the idea that it is insular, and not easily accessible from the rest of the city. But much of its success also comes from this design. It's meant to be a peaceful haven, sheltered from the rest of the city. Sitting beside the pond on a sunny spring day, it's easy to understand why it's designed this way, and I love it. 

barbican 8
Cantilevered platforms designed for relaxing over the central pond. Photo ©Darren Bradley

Besides its sheer massive scale, the thing that surprised me the most about the Barbican was the interior of the arts centre. 

barbican 1
Entrance hall of the Barbican Centre. Supergraphics AND a martini bar?!?! What else can you ask for? Photo ©Darren Bradley

I must see a dozen photos a day of the exteriors of various buildings around the Barbican complex. Especially those curved balconies on the towers. Everyone loves those on Instagram. But I hardly ever see any interiors, for some reason. Why is that?!  Does nobody ever bother to try to go inside? In any case, that's a shame, because the interior is probably the best part of the experience. It's in remarkable original condition, complete with supergraphics, cool fonts, and lounges. 

barbican 2
Theatre entrance at the Barbican Centre. Photo ©Darren Bradley

Like the National Theatre, the Barbican Centre is open for the public to use as they please when not in use for performances. I love this idea, and the locals seemed to just be hanging about, reading, chatting, etc. We don't do this in the US much with our performing arts spaces, and I wonder why not. 

barbican 12
The interior of the Barbican Center is a maze of floating stairs and groovy 60s mod graphics. Photo ©Darren Bradley

Admittedly, the place is confusing as hell to get around. Unlike Le Corbusier's concepts for a Radiant City, the Barbican Complex had to fit into the existing space, which included several existing structures. With its different levels and buildings, it can feel like a maze inside. This confusion is exacerbated by the fact that many of the original passages and doors are now closed and locked for security reasons, further limiting the access points. There are now a lot more dead-ends than the architects originally designed or intended. 

barbican 6
Dead-end, but a pleasant one. Plus, those curved balconies everyone loves. Photo ©Darren Bradley

After many years of being atop the list of London's most hated buildings, the Barbican complex is finally starting to get some love. It's still not likely to be on the list of places to see for the average tourist to London (which is fine by me), but I saw lots of architecture students wandering around the place while I visited (you can tell they were architecture students because they wore black and spent a lot of time feeling the concrete). 

barbican 18
Defoe House with architecture student approaching on steps. Photo ©Darren Bradley

Today, the Barbican is remarkably well cared for and preserved, and was quite popular with a large crowd enjoying the space when I visited. I understand that apartments there are coveted and don't come available often. The entire complex received a Grade II listing in 2001 and so will remain preserved for the foreseeable future. 

barbican 15
I really wanted to go into that sunken water garden thing, but I couldn't figure out how to get down there. Photo ©Darren Bradley

barbican 4
Frobisher Crescent, aka MI6 HQ in the James Bond movie Quantum of Solace. Photo ©Darren Bradley
barbican 9
Gilbert House. Photo ©Darren Bradley

Sadly, one part of the Barbican - Milton Court - was intentionally omitted from the Grade II listing and saw the wrecking ball in 2007. That building was designed by the same architects in 1959 as a sort of pre-cursor to the larger complex. 

The now-demolished Milton Court was the first part of the Barbican to be built. I don't understand why it wasn't listed with the rest of the complex. Photo ©Sarah J Duncan

Despite this setback, the whole place is magical. I've seen a lot of failed experiments in Modernist urban communities. But this one clearly shows how it can be done successfully. One has to wonder, if more communities like the Barbican had been designed in the 1950s and 60s, what the general public's attitude about Modernist design would be today. Maybe architecture really could have saved the world... 

barbican 19
Selfie. Photo ©Darren Bradley


Unknown said...

What a wonderful piece. Thank you.

Pam said...

Great history lesson on the Barbican. Nice to see interior shots. Fighting urge to book flight to London, stat.....

AAD India said...

Nice blog and thanks for sharing the post.
Architecture and Project Management | Architecture Design for Home | Interior Design Consultation Services

Amelia Lily said...

Really nice and definitely it will be useful for many people. Kindly keep update like this.

Industrial Architecture
Warehouse Architect
Factory Architect Chennai
Stormwater Consulting Chennai

paras chawla said...

Perfect information & the blog is almost perfect keep me updated with such kind of upcoming blogs.

Landscape Architecture Firms in Mumbai

Jaisy Bonie said...

I'm interested in reserving this beautiful place. Placing a music show which does not have cultural preferences becomes difficult in a banquet hall environment. It requires planning and decorating imagination. The Chicago venues have the right décor for any event.

Unknown said...

Hey Nice Blog!! Thanks For Sharing!!!Wonderful blog & good post.Its really helpful for me, waiting for a more new post. Keep Blogging!

top real estate company in gorakhpur
Real Estate Company in Gorakhpur
Commercial Property in Gorakhpur

priya k said...

I take this opportunity to thank you for posting this wonderful article. We may also consider vastu tips by a vastu shastri when building our dream home.

Patrik Lindqvist said...

Nice Architecture Photography,
Thanks for share it.!

Lubna Usmani said...

Hey Nice Blog!!! Thank you for sharing information. Wonderful blog & good post.Its really helpful for me, waiting for a more new post. Keep Blogging!

Buying Plots in Gorakhpur
Residential plots for sale in Gorakhpur
Low Price Plots in Gorakhpur

Event Tents Dubai said...

Very interesting blog. Lot of blogs I see these days don't really provide anything that I'm interested in, but I'm most definitely interested in this one. Ramadan Tent Rentals | الفارس العالمية للخيام | Ramadan Tents Dubai | Ramadan Tents Dubai | Ramadan Tents Rental | Ramadan Tents Rental | الفارس العالمية للخيام | event tents dubai

Event Tents Dubai said...

Thanks for sharing this.Tents Manufacturer Africa | Tents Supplier Africa | Tent Manufacturers South Africa | Tent Suppliers in Pretoria | tent manufacturers in gauteng | tents south africa | tents for sale africa | aluminum tents africa | steel tents africa | Stretch Tents in Africa

michaelnewton said...

Nice post... thanks for sharing this post regarding Architecture Photography.
Architecture Photography

Aptoinn said...

I enjoyed reading this blog post. It was inspiring and informative. Thank you. nata coaching chennai

WallsAsiaArchitects said...

Very interesting blog.
Walls Asia the Best Architectural Interior Designing Company in Hyderabad offering comprehensive Interior designing services from the past 10 years at affordable Prices as per client’s requirements. We serve all surrounding areas of Hyderabad & Secunderabad and all over Telangana.

Lubna Usmani said...

Hey Nice Blog!!! Thank you for sharing information. Wonderful blog & good post.Its really helpful for me, waiting for a more new post. Keep Blogging!

Land in gorakhpur
plots in gorakhpur
Residential Plot Gorakhpur

architecturechat said...

Interesting read..we at Architecturechat publish blogs for architecture professionals and students and we are looking for candidates interested in writing architectural content
Check out blog for more information
Thank you

Lubna Usmani said...

Hey Nice Blog!!! Thank you for sharing information. Wonderful blog & good post.Its really helpful for me, waiting for a more new post. Keep Blogging!

Buying Plots in Gorakhpur
Residential plots for sale in Gorakhpur
Low Price Plots in Gorakhpur

Unknown said...

Hi Admin, Really Good Post! Keep sharing your post on House Design & House Plans, Architecture 3D Elevations. I like your content and will recommend others to read out your blog.

Lubna Usmani said...

Hey Nice Blog!!! Thank you for sharing information. Wonderful blog & good post.Its really helpful for me, waiting for a more new post. Keep Blogging!

top real estate company
Real Estate Company
Commercial Property said...

Thank you for sharing such an informative post about architects or designs of residential places. Keep giving updates.

Residential Architects Bloomfield Michigan

Anonymous said...

Hey Nice Blog!!! Thank you for sharing information. Wonderful blog & good post.Its really helpful for me, waiting for a more new post. Keep Blogging!

Land in gorakhpur
plots in gorakhpur
Residential Plot Gorakhpur

Anonymous said...

Hey Nice Blog!!! Thank you for sharing information. Wonderful blog & good post.Its really helpful for me, waiting for a more new post. Keep Blogging!

Plots in Taramandal
Real Estate Company
Commercial Property

Anonymous said...

Hey Nice Blog!!! Thank you for sharing information. Wonderful blog & good post.Its really helpful for me, waiting for a more new post. Keep Blogging!

Plots in Taramandal
Real Estate Company
Commercial Property

Somma khanna said...

I have found this information to be extremely valuable which will definitely help others. Thanks for the article. Great!

Hacker-Inside said...

If you want to hire the best Architecture, Construction and Interior Designers in Islamabad Pakistan Then Visit Arco Desk Interior Designers in Islamabad

Clipping Path Service said...

I really like and appreciate your post.Thanks Again. Keep writing.
clipping path service
clipping path

Creator's Desk said...

Thanks for sharing this kind of useful information. Keep sharing like this.
Interior Designer in North Delhi

kreativeHouse said...

Nice Post! Thanks for sharing such an amazing article, really informative,it helps me a lot. Are you looking for a best interior design architects then please visit: Residential Architects in Hyderabad

saikiran said...

RESIDENTIAL DESIGN,OFFICE DESIGN,COMMERCIAL DESIGN are very useful in our daily life office Interior designers in kukatpally

saikiran said...

RESIDENTIAL DESIGN,OFFICE DESIGN,COMMERCIAL DESIGN are very useful in our daily life office Interior designers in kukatpally

Hacker-Inside said...

If you want to hire the best Architecture, Construction and Interior Designers in Islamabad Pakistan Then Visit Arco Desk Farmhouse Design in Gulberg Greens Islamabad

Emaraatpk said...

This is definitely one of the best articles I have read in this blog. Thanks for sharing the post. I want you to post some other articles on the same.
click here

Apu Mridha said...

This is exactly what i was looking for. Thank you for sharing. It will be really helpful for me :)



Architectural Visualisation London | British Interior Design | Architectural Design Company

Apu Mridha said...

I was surfing the web and ended up on your post. Really enjoyed reading it. Thank you for sharing such an awesome post. Will be seeing around ! :)



Architectural House Plans | Architectural Interiors | Virtual Reality Architecture

Joseph Dark said...

This posting is marvelous and what a fantastic research that you have done. It has helped me a lot. thank you very much. for more information visit our website

Event Tents Dubai said...

I really wanted to go into that sunken water garden thing, but I couldn't figure out how to get down there.
كم اسعار الخيام الاوروبية | اسعار الخيام الاوروبية

ramesh said...

This is such an informative blog, your opinion, observations and ideas are amazing and to the point. I would love to read more content like this, and I want to give one advice to you are looking for a best builders in bhopal then Sagar Green Hills is the ideal township for you.

CPM Systems Pvt. Ltd said...

CPM Systems is well named organization also knows as office furniture manufacturers in Delhi, Noida, Gurgaon and Ghaziabad. We provide unique and sleek design modular office furniture, toilet cubicles and urinal partitions. You can find several types of designs and choose any design according to your match. For more details, you can call us on +91-9292928080 or visit our website:

smithdrainsolutions said...

I think this is a really good article. You make this information interesting and engaging. You give readers a lot to think about and I appreciate that kind of writing.
Architecture Photographer

ankit said...

This blog is very informative and interesting, the way you described the good thing of your blog and other cities Moreover, the details you give about the 2 BHK flat in Kolar road, 3 BHK flats in Hoshangabad road, 4 BHK flats in Hoshangabad road and 2 BHK flat in Kolar road along with a description of bungalows in Hoshanngabad road, duplex in Hoshangabad road and flats in Hoshangabad road. Moving towards Kolar road which where you mention that it is the best location to own flats in Kolar road and duplex in Kolar road espically 2 BHK flat in kolar road, 3 BHK flats in Kolar road and 4 BHK flats in Kolar road

Cad Service Provider said...

Very informative article .... Please do visit my website architectural design services

moshrabbi121 said...

When I originally commented I clicked the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and now every time a remark is added I get 4 emails with the identical comment. Is there any means you'll be able to remove me from that service? Thanks! online casinos for us players

WallsAsiaArchitects said...

Thanks for sharing these pics. Get the best architects in Hyderabad at Walls Asia.

sintawiranata said...

artistic ceramic architecture. really beautiful buildings. ceramics make it more colorful. keep sharing with us

David0012 said...

Unknown said...

Great Post, Thanks for sharing useful information
Architecture Design Company in Rajasthan
Architecture Design Company in Gujarat
Architecture Design Company in Udaipur

Creator's Desk said...

Thank you very much. I agree with your article, this really helped me. I appreciate your help. Thanks a lot. Good website. Interior Designing Firm in Delhi

Add Hunters said...

Would you like to live in qatar? In an apartment? If You wish to move qatar? Visit Us!! Best place for luxury apartment. Apartment in qatar

Andrew303john said...

Nice blog with Amazing information .. love to read about this.
Awaiting for your new post
We at bring to you the most significant Information Security assignment help writing service at the best cost. With long stretches of understanding we are prepared to give assignment help online over the globe.You will be guided here with a portion of the information of Information Security assignment which could assist you in deciding writing a Information Security assignment. Nonetheless, we unequivocally prescribe you to benefit Inter Process Communication Assignment Help from our specialist to find out about marketing and its scope.We also provide Operating systems Assignment Help from our experts.

James Franklin said...

Recently I started the contraction of a commercial building on the Gold Coast. I wanted to design my building Eco-friendly. I hired a building designer and told them about my plan. They designed my building very beautifully by using my plan. Gold Coast building designers

Angel Ana said...

Dazzling posts with beautiful pictures and vital information that helped a lot.Thanks For sharing those lovely images with us and I hope to see more stunning images and charming posts form your blog. Moreover, I have a Best clipping path service provider Site Where we give a wide range of Photoshop Image Editing Service.

Indus Design Works said...

I am reading your post from the beginning, it was so interesting to read & I feel thanks to you for posting such a good blog, keep updates regularly..
Hire structural engineer online

ekun said...

buy weed online florida
Buy marijuana online Fl
buy shatter online

telkahost said...

شرکت تلکا هاست پیشرو در میزبانی انواع وب سایت و هم چنین دارای انواع هاست فوق ارزان با کنترل پنل سی پنل میباشد.حتما از سایت ما دیدن کنید و از قیمت های مناسب برای انواع سرویس های وب و ثبت انواع دامنه شگفت زده شوید.

Aruna Shinde said...

Nice Blog!! Thanks For Sharing!!!Wonderful blog & good post.Its really helpful for me to get House Plan waiting for a more new post. Keep Blogging!

Webakruti said...

Amazing planning and creativity. All the things explain easily and attractive result. Now get your business globally by professional web design company in India only at reasonable cost.

Kmm Construction said...

I really appreciate this wonderful post that you have provided for us. I assure this would be beneficial for most of the people.

commercial roofing
concrete services

Abhishek Tiwari said...

Excellent post and wonderful blog, this sort of interesting posts I really like, keep it up...
architecture firms in delhi
top architecture firms
top interior designers in delhi

sintawiranata said...

Wow, that is amazing post. I really like your explanation about tips to build affordable, it is very good. I really appreciate your content here. Thank you so much for sharing with us. ted-biesterbos

RealEstateCake said...

Amazing architectural work. To get real estate investors go to Realestatecake.

Unknown said...

What an awesome written by you! I am too glad to read this kind of informative blog article. Thanks to sharing this with us, really thank you!!!!!!
Dubai VPS Server

Indus Design Works said...

Excellent post. I was checking constantly this blog and I am impressed! I was seeking this particular info for a very long time. Thank you and good luck.
Online architectural designer

Abhishek Tiwari said...

Thanks For Sharing Your Content and Designs. Keep Doing Good Work. I Hope You Will Check our Websites :
architecture firms in delhi
top architecture firms
top interior designers in delhi

332 Cocoanut said...

Thanks for sharing such interesting information. 332 Cocoanut offering luxury condo in Downtown Sarasota Florida with unmatched value to maximize your comfort living.